In Brief: Commercial/Multifamily Mortgage Debt Outstanding Increased by $99.5 Billion in Second Quarter of 2022

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September 21, 2022

The level of U.S. commercial/multifamily mortgage debt outstanding increased by $99.5 billion (2.3 percent) in the second quarter of 2022, according to the Mortgage Bankers Association’s (MBA) latest Commercial/Multifamily Mortgage Debt Outstanding quarterly report.

Total commercial/multifamily mortgage debt outstanding rose to $4.38 trillion at the end of the second quarter. Multifamily mortgage debt alone increased $35.7 billion (1.9 percent) to $1.9 trillion from the first quarter of 2022.

“The $99.5 billion increase in commercial and multifamily mortgage debt outstanding in the second quarter was the second largest quarterly rise since the inception of MBA’s data series in 2007,” said Jamie Woodwell, MBA’s vice president of commercial real estate research. “The increase in holdings by depositories was the largest on record. The data match the fact that the first half of 2022 saw more commercial and multifamily borrowing and lending than any previous January through June period.”

Added Woodwell, “Given a variety of changes in space, equity, and debt markets since the start of the year, we expect the pace to slow considerably in coming quarters.”

The four largest investor groups are: banks and thrifts; federal agency and government sponsored enterprise (GSE) portfolios and mortgage backed securities (MBS); life insurance companies; and commercial mortgage backed securities (CMBS), collateralized debt obligation (CDO) and other asset backed securities (ABS) issues.

Commercial banks continue to hold the largest share (38 percent) of commercial/multifamily mortgages at $1.7 trillion. Agency and GSE portfolios and MBS are the second-largest holders of commercial/multifamily mortgages (21 percent) at $919 billion. Life insurance companies hold $648 billion (15 percent), and CMBS, CDO and other ABS issues hold $613 billion (14 percent). Many life insurance companies, banks and the GSEs purchase and hold CMBS, CDO and other ABS issues. These loans appear in the report in the “CMBS, CDO and other ABS” category.

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